fresh raspberries for simple syrup

How to Make a Simple Syrup. A Guide and Other Recipes.

Written by Christopher Menning 

June 14, 2022

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How To Make a Simple Syrup.

The clue is in the name.  

Syrup or stock syrup in the kitchen is super simple to make.

It is equal parts of sugar and water or 1:1 ratio and It has been used in a variety of classic cocktails and in many speed bars where spoons of sugar for every drink are just not productive.

But why do we always use white sugar? And how do we flavour syrups with Fruit, herbs, and spices?

And what does a bee pollen syrup taste like?

We answer it all in this article.

You'll Learn

How to make Simple Syrup.

Why do we always use White Sugar?

What is Brown Sugar?

What are the Preservative Effects of Sugar?

How to Make a Rich Simple Syrup.

How to Make a Honey Syrup.

How to make a Barley Malt Syrup.

How to Make Flavoured Syrups.

How to Store Your Syrup.

How to Make Bee Pollen Syrup.

How To Make A Syrup

Simple syrup is made from equal parts white sugar and water. a 1:1 ratio is the norm so 1 cup of sugar and 1 cup of water. For a thicker syrup in cocktails, some bars prefer a 2:1 ratio. 2 cups of sugar and 1 cup of water.

Heat some water on a pan until boiling and reduce the heat. Add the sugar and stir until dissolved. Now let the liquid cool down before adding to a sterile bottle before placing in the fridge. Keep for up to two weeks. 

cook adding sugar for simple syrup from mortar into bowl

Simple Syrup

Simple syrup is made from equal parts white sugar and water. a 1:1 ratio is the norm so 1 cup of sugar and 1 cup of water. For a thicker syrup in cocktails, some bars prefer a 2:1 ratio. 2 cups of sugar and 1 cup of water.
Prep Time: 5 minutes
Cook Time: 5 minutes
Resting Time: 10 minutes
Total Time: 20 minutes
Course: Drinks
Cuisine: Syrup
Keyword: Simple syrup,, sugar, sugar syrup, syrup
Servings: 700 ml
Calories: 581kcal
Author: Christopher Menning
Cost: £1


  • Saucepan
  • 700ml Bottle
  • Spoon
  • Funnel


  • 500 g White Sugar
  • 500 ml Water


  • Heat some water on a pan until boiling and reduce the heat. 
  • Add the sugar and stir until dissolved.
  • Now let the liquid cool down before adding it to a sterile bottle with a funnel.
  • Add to the fridge when cooled down.


Keep for up to two weeks before it goes off! 


Calories: 581kcal
Tried this recipe?Let us know how it was!

Why Do We Always Use White Sugar?

It’s a fair question and one many don’t think about it. Sugar has been the main component of the human diet for thousands of years. We need it to survive.

Our brains and muscles use it as their primary energy source.

However, there are many different types of sugar. In a modern diet, refined sugar is found in most home foods.

But rather than always going for the bag of granulated sugar that’s sitting on the shelf, why don’t we look at some alternatives?

sugar on spoon for sugar syrup recipe
Let's Take A Look At What Sugar Really Is:

Sugar is the collective name for soluble carbohydrates found in multiple sources.

There are 3 simple sugars (monosaccharides) that make up the blueprint for other more complex sugars called disaccharides.

Monosaccharides – fructose, glucose, and galactose 

Disaccharide – lactose, maltose, and sucrose 

Most sugars are found in plant tissue with sugar cane and sugar beet the most commercially manufactured due to their high concentration. 

Refined white sugar has gone through much chemical processing, which means while it keeps its sweetness, it actually has a relatively bland flavour. 

Looking at other types of sugar, we see a broad range of sweetness levels and tastes.

What Is Brown Sugar?

Brown sugar is usually refined or partially refined sugar cane granules with the presence of Molasses. Some of these sugars, like the Jaggery, are classed as “raw”. 

These types of sugar can have lovely depths of flavour like caramel and earthy notes. 

Demerara – This type of cane sugar is a pale amber colour with a fairly large grain. You can expect some pleasant toffee flavours. 

Sucanat – This is crystallized pure cane sugar. It is truly unrefined so retains a higher proportion of molasses than other types of cane sugars. The flavour can be an intense, almost burnt taste. Some vegans and vegetarians prefer it due to no bone char being used in the process of making it. 

Muscovado – Another cane sugar, this has a moist texture and a very strong molasses flavor. It can be found in different strengths so make sure to test for the right one to meet your needs. 

Jaggery – Commonly made from palm, coconut, or java plants this sugar is found compressed into little patty cakes or cones. It has an earthy-sweet flavour great to pair with dark spirits. 

Piloncilo – this is similar to jaggery but is uniquely a Mexican sugar. It is usually the secret ingredient in many moles, salsas, soups and sauces. the flavour is strong and gives off almost-smoky molasses notes.

Turbinado – This is made from the first pressing of sugar cane and it retains some of its natural molasses. The flavour is of light caramel.

Sugar type Source Sweetness index
Fructose Honey 1.1
Maltose Barley Malt Syrup 0.5
Sucrose Maple Syrup 1
Sucrose Molasses 0.8
Sweetness levels of different sugars.

types of sugar infographic

What are the Preservative Effects of Sugar?

Sugar acts as a preservative by drawing out the water in a product thus taking away the means for microorganisms, such as yeast, to grow.

Sugar is commonly used alongside salt as a preservative as it also attracts water from other sources, so keeping all your mixtures in airtight containers is necessary.

The trouble with finding the balance is that using too little sugar will negate the effects of preservation but using too much can spoil the finished product and be terrible for your teeth!

With many of our recipes, we have found the balance and also given a recommended shelf life for each recipe.But once again, this is all open to interpretation and we urge you to experiment. 

Maybe you want your raspberry syrup to taste more concentrated? 

Reducing the amount of sugar and adding more raspberries will do the trick but will also mean the syrup will deteriorate pretty quickly. 

However, if you are using it for one night of cocktails, what’s the harm?

twirler dipped in honey jar for sugar syrup recipe

How to Make a Rich Simple Syrup.

Doubling the quantity of sugar provides a thicker sugar syrup which can be used in cocktails such as the old fashioned. 

You will want to use a 2:1 ratio here for your simple syrup.

How to Make a Honey Syrup

Honey is so diverse and you can get some great flavours from it to enhance your drinks! 

It’s much easier to create a syrup first for easy mixing so follow the recipe below. Honey around the world is unique due to the different pollinations of indigenous plants and flowers. If you manage to get some honeycomb why not infuse it in rum? 

In episode 7 of On the Back Bar Podcast, we talked to Max Curzon Price of the Botanist bar in Canada who started a campaign for individuals to become their own urban beekeepers in his Bacardi Legacy campaign Hive of the Apiarists.

How to make a Barley Malt Syrup.

Barley Malt Syrup is made up of the sugar Maltose meaning it is about half the sweetness of normal sugar. Despite this, it has a rich flavour of malt and a sweet earthiness.

We recommend diluting the powerful flavour in a rich simple syrup recipe to dilute and increase the sweetness.

– 1 cup refined white sugar

– 0.50 cup of water 

– 0.25 cup of Barley Malt syrup 


A Note on Agave

Agave Syrup has become widely used in the bar world over the last decade however it has come under scrutiny due to its unproven health benefits compared to sugar. 

This is because it has a low glycemic index, lower than 55. 

However, Agave Syrup has a high fructose content which is detrimental to human health in large quantities. There is also a great deal of confusion with regard to agave nectar and agave syrup. 

They are actually two different products with very different production methods. Creating agave nectar is very similar to maple syrup. The sap is extracted from the centre of the agave plant before filtering and then heating at low temperatures (under 118 degrees F). 

Because of this agave nectar is regarded as a “raw food”. There are lighter and dark varieties and no chemicals or enzymes are used in the process.

Then there is agave syrup. 

Agave syrup is processed and modified in very much the same way as high fructose corn syrup HFCS. The agave syrup is filtered and then boiled for up to 36 hours to concentrate the liquid to around 90% fructose. 

It is also treated with enzymes so all trace nutrients will be destroyed in the process. We recommend using agave nectar only. 

Agave nectar works great in a Margarita to really bring the concept of agave love home in your cocktail.

Flavoured Syrups.

Your sugar syrup, depending on what sugar you used, will be the perfect enhancer to what fruit, veg, spice or herb you decide to use. 

Think seasonally and check in with local stores or farms to see what bounty is growing in the area. When deciding which fruit, herbs, and spices to pair think about natural flavour pairings. 

We use Niki Segnet’s The Flavour Thesaurus book for inspiration on great combinations.

Below are some of our favourite flavoured syrup recipes to get you started.

Almond (orgeat)

Almond syrup or commonly known as orgeat is an integral part of a Mai Tai or other tiki cocktails! This a lengthy process of steeping raw chopped almonds in water overnight. Orgeat is actually a liquor because of the addition of vodka and orange blossom water. You can find out how to make it in our upcoming alcohol infusion article.


Rhubarb is a British staple on menus around the country during the season. It is a very sour plant and is great for adding tartness and crispness to cocktails. The acid found in rhubarb is not citric like that found in lemons, but it has a high concentration of malic acid. Malic acid is actually more sour than citric and is what gives grapes and apples their sourness. Keep in mind when preparing rhubarb that only the stalks are edible as the leaves are toxic.


Their sweet-sour taste matches harmoniously well with lighter herbal flavours and, like strawberries, pairs well with cream and yoghurt because of their subtle dairy notes. Raspberries have a fantastic balance of acidity and flavour so are ideal not only for syrups but alcohol infusions too. If you have a surplus, why not try a raspberry vodka?

Apple Mint 

Apple mint is often seen as a weed, most likely because of its aggressive growing but I find the flavour to be incredible compared to its perennial cousins. It has a more pronounced flavour and because of its large woolly leaves, you need to use a lot less than normal mint. Apple mint works perfectly well alongside strong flavours such as rich meats and dark chocolate. Take care of the delicate leaves.

How To Store Your Syrup

Store your Syrups in a sterile container preferably a glass bottle that can be easily stored and with a cap for easy access. Make sure to keep your Syrups in a fridge. 

We recommend keeping for up to 2 weeks but some can last for a lot longer. 

Conclusion. How about a Shrub? 

By this point, you should have something rather tasty in your hands to use in drinks but have you thought about making a shrub? 

Adding vinegar can change the whole dynamic and create something truly delicious with some added zing.

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